Feline infectious peritonitis

Feline coronavirus (CoV) may present as two morphologically and serologically indistinguishable pathotypes: feline enteric coronavirus (FECV) and feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV), the latter with a greater capacity for replication in monocytes FECV. Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is one of the most common fatal disease in feline species and, although there are numerous studies and extensive information, its pathogenesis is not fully resolved. This review describes extensively what are the possible ways that have led to the evolution of FECV to FIPV pathotype, the role FECV carriers healthy cats, the transmission capacity of both viruses, elements that influence the appearance of outbreaks, the different clinical presentations, injuries, immunopathogenesis, factors influencing mortality or survival to infection and the various diagnostic methods fo the disease.

Feline Infectious Peritonitis: Still an Enigma ? Kipar A, Meli ML. Vet Pathol 2014, 51 505-526


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